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Individual Education Plan (IEP)

The IEP Team

The IEP team works together to create Specially Designed Instruction (SDI) and goals for the student. The Initial IEP is done before an initial placement in special education. The IEP is reviewed every year to measure the student's progress and must be completed by the anniversary date. An IEP amendment can be done anytime a change in the program is needed. IEP Progress Reports are completed in concert with grading periods. For example, at the end of the trimester for elementary students. 

A reevaluation is completed by the three year anniversary date of the initial evaluation, and every three years following. Off-cycle evaluations can be proposed by a parent or the school in one or all areas of service, at any time prior to the scheduled 3 year evaluation.

An IEP team consists of:

  • Student at age 16 when transition services are addressed
  • Parent(s)/guardian(s)
  • Special education teacher(s)
  • General education teacher(s)—if student participates in regular education environment
  • Representative of local educational agency (often school administrator)
  • Individual who can interpret instructional implications of evaluation results
  • The team may also include a counselor, therapists, behavior specialist and the student, prior to age 16, as appropriate.

Parental and Student Rights

Procedural Safeguards for students and their families

Focuses on the rights of parents and students in the special education system. It explains when schools need to provide the Notice of Special Education Procedural Safeguards, including annually, during evaluations, when filing complaints, or in certain disciplinary situations. The notice can be tailored by districts as long as it covers all necessary procedural safeguards. 

Procedural Safeguards